The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. [43] The 1994 Northridge earthquake greatly affected the CSUN campus, damaging much of its infrastructure, and causing multiple fires and explosions throughout the campus. [51] UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. Nixon’s National Security Advisor Henry ...read more, On January 17, 1916, a group of golf professionals and several leading amateur golfers gather at the Taplow Club in New York City, in a meeting that will result in the founding of the Professional Golfers Association (PGA). [44] The 6.7 magnitude earthquake damaged several buildings as well as destroying all communications, such as telephone lines and causing computer systems to shut down. The Northridge quake (named after the San Fernando Valley community near the epicenter) was one of the most damaging in U.S. history. As a means of maintaining first-strike ...read more, On the Hawaiian Islands, a group of American sugar planters under Sanford Ballard Dole overthrow Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, and establish a new provincial government with Dole as president. Many multifamily apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged. All told, it is estimated that the earthquake was responsible for $20 billion in damages. The Corvette, named for a fast type of naval warship, would eventually become an iconic American muscle car and ...read more, Relying upon strategic creativity, Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and a mixed Patriot force rout British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton and a group of Redcoats and Loyalists at the Battle of Cowpens on January 17, 1781. Werner, S. B. It was 4:31 a.m. when the 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northeast of the city’s downtown. Also, because of known seismic activity in California, area building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended to withstand earthquakes. Schneider, E., Hajjeh, R. A., Spiegel, R. A., Jibson, R. W., Harp, E. L., Marshall, G. A., . © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty. The Los Angeles Public Library shut down most of its branches; books were knocked down during the quake. The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital. Several highways also suffered critical failures, but only one police officer died, when his vehicle plunged off an overpass. In Valencia, the California Institute of the Arts experienced heavy damage, with classes relocated to a nearby Lockheed test facility for the remainder of 1994. [29] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. [46] In addition, the newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, and had to be demolished. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. [11] The death toll was 57, with more than 8,700 injured. In the fall of 1864, Sherman and his army marched across Georgia and destroyed nearly everything in their path. $14.99 + $1.90 shipping . Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. Los Angeles' radio and television stations were knocked off the air, but resumed coverage later. In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[12] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. FEMA/Robert A. Eplett. Universal Studios Hollywood shut down the Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, Earthquake. Sherman reasoned that ...read more, On January 17, 1953, a prototype Chevrolet Corvette sports car makes its debut at General Motors’ (GM) Motorama auto show at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. Image not … Twenty five years ago, at 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994, the Northridge earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Additional damage occurred about 50 miles (80 km) southeast in the city of Anaheim, located in Orange County, as the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium collapsed onto several hundred seats. 1994-01-17 12:33:50 UTC at 12:33 January 17, 1994 UTC Location: Epicenter at 34.377, -118.467 7.2 km from Santa Clarita (4.2 miles) Greater Los Angeles Area, California. The Los Angeles City Hall suffered no damage. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. The comparison of the seismic behavior of underground braced walls with ACI 318 design method reveals that bending moment and shear force of the walls under Northridge earthquake loads were observed to reach 2.8 and 2.7 times as large as the respective allowable limits. The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. All 58 buildings on campus sustained significant damage, resulting in a $406 million recovery effort (equivalent to $700 million today). At the Northridge Meadows complex, 16 people died, all of whom lived on the first floor, when the weak stucco structure fell down on them as they slept. The duo spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their situation. Look back at KNBCʼs coverage of the the 1994 Northridge earthquake. [55], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. All MTA bus lines operated service with detours and delays on the day of the quake. The Martin Luther King Jr. NBC's The Tonight Show, hosted by Jay Leno, took place in the NBC Studios in Burbank, close to the epicenter of the quake. Portions of a number of major roads and freeways, including Interstate 10 over La Cienega Boulevard, and the interchanges of Interstate 5 with California State Route 14, 118, and Interstate 210, were closed because of structural failure or collapse. LOS ANGELES (KABC) -- On Jan. 17, 1994, a massive earthquake struck the Southland. The partial collapse of the Santa Monica freeway snarled traffic in Los Angeles for months. In particular, buildings with an unstable first floor (such as those with parking areas on the bottom) performed poorly. Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact. The Northridge earthquake led to a number of legislative changes. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. The Republic of Ireland legally grants a divorce for the first time following a 1995 referendum. The lunch meeting occurred at the invitation of Rodman ...read more, Paula Jones, a former Arkansas state clerk, files suit against President Bill Clinton in the federal court in Little Rock, Arkansas, on this day in 1994, asking for $700,000 in damages. Los Angeles International Airport and other airports in the area were also shut down as a 2-hour precaution, including Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (now Hollywood Burbank Airport) and Van Nuys Airport, which is near the epicenter, where the control tower suffered from radar failure and panel collapse. [14] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. [25] LAPD motorcycle officer Clarence Wayne Dean died because of the collapse of the Newhall Pass interchange, falling 40 feet from the damaged connector from southbound 14 to southbound I-5. The production of movies and TV shows was disrupted. "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake", https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-iris-adrian-1440804.html, "25 Years Later: The Desperate Search for Survivors at Northridge Meadows Apartments", "Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology", "Interchange Named for Officer Who Died in Quake", "Earthquake: Disaster Before Dawn: Scoreboard Crashes Onto Seats in Anaheim Stadium: Collapse: The 17.5-ton Sony 'Jumbotron' also destroyed a section of roof as it broke loose and fell to the left-field upper deck", "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Dangerous L.A. apartment buildings most at risk in an earthquake are quickly being fixed", "Earthquake: The Long Road Back: Hospitals Strained to the Limit by Injured: Medical care: Doctors treat quake victims in parking lots. The daily commute for many drivers in the weeks following was significantly lengthened, notably for those traveling between Santa Clarita and Los Angeles, and commuters on I-10 traveling to and from the Westside. However, the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended. The Northridge quake … Six new stations opened in six weeks. (Credit: Los Angeles Times) This is an archived article and the information in … For example, the original 35 mm master films for the 1960s sitcom My Living Doll were destroyed.[37]. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America. The Animaniacs segment "A Quake! Some people even made temporary relocations closer to their jobs while their homes or neighborhoods were being rebuilt. [18] The "official" death toll was placed at 57;[17] 33 people died immediately or within a few days from injuries sustained,[19] and many died from indirect causes, such as stress-induced cardiac events. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". At the time of the quake, before dawn on Monday morning, the Warner Bros. film Murder in the First (with Christian Slater, Kevin Bacon, and Gary Oldman) was actually being filmed only four miles (6.4 km) from the epicenter. Given the strength and location of the earthquake, it was fortunate that the death toll was not far higher. Damage to the system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in some areas; this predictably affected success in fighting subsequent fires. Other local television stations, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV, were also knocked off the air. The Battle of Loos, which took place in September 1915, resulted in ...read more. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake. $11.95 + $1.75 shipping . KROQ-FM's Kevin and Bean morning show asked those people tuned in to stay out of their homes. The National Geophysical Data Center placed the hypocenter's geographical coordinates at 34°12′47″N 118°32′13″W / 34.21306°N 118.53694°W / 34.21306; -118.53694 and at a depth of 11.4 miles (18.3 km). California State University, Northridge, was the closest university to the epicenter. Enrollment dropped by approximately 1,000 students, leaving some homeless as dormitories were closed due to damage which rendered them unsafe and which required repair.[49]. The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. While many businesses remained closed in the days following the quake, some infrastructure was not able to be rebuilt for months, even years later. Germany declared war by launching an air raid on September 1, 1939, and followed up with a siege that killed tens of thousands of ...read more. The earthquake was caused by a blind thrust fault, a … It was the perfect crime—almost—as the culprits weren’t caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft ...read more, Soviet troops liberate the Polish capital from German occupation. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Subsequently, a team was sent out to film footage of the quake-damaged areas of the city. The 1994 Northridge earthquake killed more than 50 people and created widespread devastation in Los Angeles. Study raises Northridge quake death toll to 72. It was not the first or last accident involving American nuclear bombs. [13] It occurred on a previously undiscovered fault, now named the Northridge Blind Thrust Fault (also known as the Pico Thrust Fault). The 1994 Los Angeles Earthquake happened when a blind thrust fault occured on an very populated area undergoing compressional stress that has rocks that deform in a ductile fashion overlying rocks that deform in a crumbly fashion. At 0431 hours on January 17, 1994, a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the Los Angeles area. (1997). The first divorce in Ireland, granted to a terminally ill man who wished to marry his new partner, was a harbinger of the decline of the Catholic Church’s power over the Republic. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994. The city of Santa Monica suffered significant damage. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 1994. Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). 6.8 Colombia. A coccidioidomycosis outbreak following the Northridge, Calif, earthquake. The major Hollywood film studios including Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Studios were also shut down. Commander in chief of the Southern Army, Major ...read more, Winston Churchill, beginning his service as a battalion commander on the Western Front, attends a lecture on the Battle of Loos given by his friend, Colonel Tom Holland, in the Belgian town of Hazebrouck. The 203 cases reported, of which three resulted in fatalities, constituted roughly 10 times the normal rate in the initial eight weeks. [54] A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. [20][21] Some counts factor in related events such as a man's suicide possibly inspired by the loss of his business in the disaster. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. [50] CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community. [22] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. Here is archived footage of ABC7's coverage of the quake and the devastating aftermath. [32] Most of the cases occurred immediately downwind of the landslides. Because of these revelations, building codes were revised. [27] The stadium was vacant at the time. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. Many classes were moved to temporary structures. 1994: Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles A huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles, killing more than 20 people. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) A ccording to the International Dark-Sky Association, Los Angeles’s sky glow is visible from an airplane 200 miles away. Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. This was the first report of such an outbreak following an earthquake, and it is believed that the spores were carried in large clouds of dust created by seismically triggered landslides. [24] The Northridge Fashion Center and California State University, Northridge also sustained very heavy damage – most notably the collapse of parking structures. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. The Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the church campus building. Warsaw was a battleground since the opening day of fighting in the European theater. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards. The game scheduled against the Sacramento Kings was postponed, the game against the Cleveland Cavaliers was relocated to The Forum (then the home arena of the Los Angeles Lakers), and the game against the New York Knicks was moved to the Arrowhead Pond (now Honda Center) in Anaheim. UCLA and other local universities were also shut down. A Quake!" The epicenter was located within the Northridge area of the San Fernando Valley, Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. January 17, 1994, Los Angeles, California The earthquake’s epicenter occurred near Northridge at 4:31 a.m. and had a 6.7 magnitude. [31] As expected, unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes suffered damage. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The Northridge earthquake was the third major earthquake to occur in California after the earthquake of 1971 in San Fernando and the 1989 San Francisco-Oakland earthquake. What makes an earthquake "significant"? President Richard Nixon warns South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu in a private letter that his refusal to sign any negotiated peace agreement would render it impossible for the United States to continue assistance to South Vietnam. The University of Southern California suffered some structural damage to several older campus buildings, but classes were conducted as scheduled. As much of Santa Monica stands on soil that is less solid than bedrock, it suffered severe ground movement during the earthquake. Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. The cast and crew had initially thought that the scenes that were filmed before the real quake struck were a bit overdone, but upon viewing the footage after the earthquake, they were reportedly startled by the realism of it. On January 17, 1994, at 4:31 am, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, killing more than 60, injuring more … Although the vast majority of homes in the area, with the exception of a few particular neighborhoods, were relatively unaffected; many feared an aftershock to rival or exceed the severity of the first one. Five days later, it was estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without public water service. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. Gazzarri's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had to be torn down. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. [48] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe damage and canceled activities until a new cathedral was built in 2002. [36], Some archives of film and entertainment programming were also affected. Some structures were not red-tagged until months later because the damage was not immediately evident. In addition, the campus received a $23,000 check (equivalent to $40,000 today) from the Los Angeles Times Valley Edition for the journalism department. Still, the quake caused a huge amount of property damage over a wide area, especially in the beach community of Santa Monica, even though it was relatively far from the epicenter. A violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep and caused widespread devastation on January 17, 1994 Now more than two decades later, these remarkable images show how … Angel Stadium of Anaheim (then known as Anaheim Stadium) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Continental-size FOUR VIEWS OF LOS ANGELES 6.6 EARTHQUAKE, JAN. 17, 1994. The campus was unable to use any of its classrooms because of the damage the buildings sustained. This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus. [38][39] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. Rail service was briefly interrupted, with full Amtrak and expanded Metrolink service resuming in stages in the days after the quake. [33], Eleven hospitals suffered structural damage and were damaged or rendered unusable. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The slides were caused by a major earthquake … For those of us who lived through it, … Depth: 5 km The exact number of fatalities is unknown, with sources estimating it at 60[1] or "over 60",[16] to 72,[17] where most estimates fall around 60. Jama, 277(11), 904-908. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. The peak ground velocity at the Rinaldi Receiving Station was 183 centimetres per second (4.1 mph; 6.6 km/h),[10] the fastest ever recorded. The behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers water service 1974... 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