The color and characteristics of zisha clay changes through time so it is possible to tell the age of a zisha teapot by looking at the clay. In addition, 1. Sometimes this allows the identification of an artisan who made a specific teapot. appearance alone; age signs are seldom obvious. 2\4\7 wooden pillar and hammer a raw teapot is rested upside down on the pillar so that the potter’s seal can be stamped on the base with the aid of the hammer. You can even find books that solely focus on marks and symbols, which manufacturers were using. Most porcelain collectors do have no access to these marks. Sometimes, a potter could combine pictures, symbols, and letters. If you buy a new yixing teapot smell like the chemical, or other pungent odor, it is likely a fake clay yixing teapot. Examine the underside of the pot for marks left by the original artists. Also known as the Yixing teapot or the memory teapot, this traditional Chinese brewing vessel is the perfect choice for brewing Pu-er or Oolong teas. You might be surprised to know that the herb also benefits people in many ways. Currently, the prices of porcelain and ceramic teapots made in the 18th and 19th centuries are at an all-time low. In the near future, the demand may skyrocket as more and more people are turning to vintage teapots. The size of the teapot, although not straightforward, may give you a clue on when a teapot was made as well. You may find manufacturers using a series of numbers to signify production number, color code, or year produced. Antique Teapot Appraisal. have the ability to identify them, and the properties of the unglazed Even those that have been used for a while will never develop a glare or bright color. History indicates that it was probably derived from wine pots and ceramic kettles that were made of metals such as bronze. Has it worn out because of many years of usage? You may need to use reference books and magazines to know what the markings stand for. Yixing teapots are basically earthenware, not porcelain, and their production methods are been quite different from other ceramics. You can get a 200-year old English teapot with some imperfection, for under $100. Step 3 – Look at the shape of the teapot. Yixing teapots are basically earthenware, not porcelain, and their PREV BACK TO MAIN NEXT Culture Yixing Teapots 101 May 01, 2011 by Samantha Cappuccino-Williams Masterfully crafted Yixing Suzette perusing teapots Harbin Teapot Dalian Teapot Zibo Teapot. Are there any markings? I love tea and always try to sample as much local tea when I travel as much as I can. Soap will be absorbed and create a permanent soapy flavor in the tea you steep. Real purple-clay or xisha clay actually have various colors, they are dull and not bright at all. This may even give you the year when your antique teapot was made. Our government has forbidden chao zhou pot called yixing zi sha teapot .Yixing zisha teapot has already declared world non-material cultural heritage.Yi xing zisha teapot is not like this. If it is ceramic or porcelain, does it have cracks on the surface? ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 1958). unusual to see antique Yixing teapots for sale that are sixty, eighty, or even one-hun- dred years old that look almost new, with no apparent wear or age markings. They not only look extraordinary, but also reveal the outstanding characteristics of your tea and make your tea drinking experience more refined and exciting. Serious collections may have inside information that can help you date your antique teapot. And although most of the antique teapots should show signs of wear and tear, the condition of the teapot should show its quality. Often only those with experience in teapot mark or seal characters are able 1966) and Lu Jianxing (b. How To Season Yixing Teapots. Over fired yixing pots are “glass” like, almost like porcelain, glass, so why spend money on such yixing? Let’s talk about the numbers, letters, and symbols you may find on the bottom part of most antique teapots in greater depth. How to Select Your Yixing Tea Pot . You may not be able to memorize most of them; so focus on the marks on your teapot. December 8, 2015 Teapot Handicraft, Types Of Teapots, Yixing Teapots 3014 Views. Before you even try to date back an antique, you should confirm the teapot in question is vintage. master craftsman mentioned in the mark, using mark books or a database. Fakes proliferate with Yixing teapots the same way as they do with porcelain, and it is necessary to first Yixing teapots remain one of the most important elements in fine tea making. the marks are often written in a character style that is also used for seals, which even Chinese native speaker often can not read! Although longtime collectors of Yixing teapots seem to be able to The holes should be uneven. more likely to know some of the better known marks. Teapots come in a variety of shapes. History of Yixing teapots. Genuine age leaves a patina, which ishard to fake. Even really casual gong-fu enforces just a little bit of ceremony on the drinkers, because you drink short, small steepings out of small cups. Gongfu is an old-fashioned way of preparing tea that accompanies multiple infusions of the same type of tea in one small teapot. Another way to tell if a teapot is fully handmade is to hold it up and compare both sides of the body, looking from side to side, and then turning it and looking at front and back. Authentique antique teapots are rare, and may not necessarily have a mark. You may find documentation and information on such sites regarding what year it was made. Check to see if there are any trademarks, names, or other numbers on the bottom of a teapot. Here is a general meaning of marks, numbers, letters, and symbols you may find in teapots; In most cases, marks on the bottom part of a teapot indicate a type of manufacturing code or mark. Serving as places for social gatherings, tea houses have been an integral part of China's tea culture and social life for centuries. The authentic yixing clay teapot, cause of zisha clay characteristics and pore characteristics of finished yixing teapots, to the surface in an open water washout, should be able to form a water film, commonly known as "hanging the water(挂水)", the surface of the water film should be very uniform, and can quickly dry. Of course, you will not find teapots that were used in the 17th century, since it is highly unlikely that any of these are lying in anyone’s basement, but you can find teapots that were used several decades or one century ago. Yixing teapot marks and their identification. Currently living and working in California with my Husband and our grumpy cat. Yixing teaware is considered by many the only possible option for gong fu style tea; beating porcelain, glass, and other clay teapots. A traditional clay teapot is charming and friendly. Also, the handle should show signs of wear due to many years of handling. For people who have an interest in collecting antique teapots, you may have found many of them with visible marks on the bottom. Authentique antique teapots are rare, and may not necessarily have a mark. Mostly only vintage Yixing teapots are found in the open market; there are too many fakes of the better known artisan marks. From 1790-1810, most of the teapots had straight sides. production methods are been quite different from other The pear shape was popular from 1750 to 1755. There should be no stress marks around edges from a slurry mold; these stress marks can be seen when the teapot has a corner or a slighter curve, and the slurry didn’t fill the cast all the way, causing stretching while the clay was … If the Yixing teapot you have is brightly colored or glaring, then it may not be real purple clay. In fact, it’s known for its purple clay (‘zisha’) teapots, also known as Yixing teapots. It is often a great task for tea lovers to choose a proper Yixing Teapot for a certain type of tea as there’re so many kinds of Yixing Teapots. How well does it fit into the teapot? to read them... For antique Yixing teapots made during the Qing dynasty, the records of master A teapot stored wet with the lid on will mold. link to Gongfu Tea Ceremony: The Complete Guide, How to Value Antique Teapots? teapot mark lists or books naming some of the craftsmen active in recent decades. After the 1700s, teapots began to take the pear shape. Part 1 – Yixing Teapot for a certain type of tea Part 2 – Yixing Clay Types Part 3 – Shapes of Yixing Teapot. In the 18 th century, teapots went through significant changes. confirm an item's authenticity and age before trying to identify the artisan via the Hallmarks can refer to the marks on a teapot and were mostly associated with silversmiths. of such pots is mostly based on the artisan, that is a teapot made by a well known master craftsman or craftswoman has a higher collecting value, even if it is from the more recent decades. It may be possible to see a slight or very subtle unevenness to the shape of the body. This leaves only the mark for identifying the artisan or Superb Signed Vintage Chinese Yixing Teapot. Teaparker's 3 tricks to identify an old Yixing teapot The other day, Teaparker used this 18th Century Zhuni teapot recovered from a shipwreck (traces of salt are still coming out of the clay - sorry for the low quality of the picture). If the glaze on the front part of the lid of a ceramic or porcelain pot is still perfect, the pot is unlikely to be old. Also, you can compare the teapot to pictures of teapots in collectibles and antiques books and magazines. As we mentioned earlier, you can estimate the age of a teapot based on its shape. Caution: As with porcelain we need to be aware, however, that the marks can not be used for dating or identification. Many Yixing teapots today are mass-produced using molds, whereas higher quality ones utilize good quality clay and are professionally hand detailed. Stick your nose inside and if it smells of soot or oil, avoid it. The yixing teapot’s sound … Yixing Teapot "Zisha" Clay Pottery Maker's Marks. It goes without saying that the tradition of drinking tea dates back thousands of years, and it all started with brewing tea in teapots. Markings can help you in determining the manufacturer of a teapot and the possible year it was made. One of the major features of antique teapots is the uneven nature of the holes leading to the spout. Only few of the more famous ones are still be known. Reign marks are hardly used. Teapots without timber seal chops cannot be older than 1960s. These marks may contain numbers only, words, letters, or a mix of all the three. However, the basic design of the teapot has scarcely evolved in close to a half millennium. However, the value is based on the condition and authenticity of a teapot. For instance, teapots made in the 18. For example, since zhu ni went extinct by early 1970s, there cannot be zhu ni teapot make in the 1980s unless created by some masters who have kept the clay for so … If a teapot features three or four holes, this could indicate it dates back to the 18th century. After that, they went back to the round shape, but this time they were fatter than those made before the 1700s. Take a picture of the signature and take it to an antique dealer so they can determine whether the signature belongs to an old master crafter such as Hui Mengchen or Shi Peng (see reference below for full list of YiXing teapot crafters of the Ming Dynasty). If you wish to buy an antique Yixing teapot, beware of those that fake their age. Mostly only vintage Yixing teapots are found in the open market; there are too many fakes of the better known artisan marks. If you want to know how to date antique teapots, here is a simple answer- it is difficult to know the exact date when an antique teapot was made, but you can estimate the period it was made based on their shapes and the numbers/symbols on them. A teapot in tip-top condition is unlikely to be vintage. differentiate between old and new ones, this apparently is quite difficult for anyone without experience in this special field of ceramics; this includes porcelain These marks/symbols could lead you to the manufacturer, which will give you an idea when the manufacturer existed or made teapots of similar designs to the one you have. When you discover something you love you want to share it with the world, that’s only natural. If you want to start your own collection antique teapots, here are a few tips to guide you; Until the marking of ceramics was normalized in the 19th century, most of the teapots didn’t have markings. usage, etc. Knowing this can serve as a simple and fast method of determining the age of teapots. We do not have access to mark resources or other information pertaining to Yixing tea wares. The pot exists as a partner to the tea and should be used and enjoyed. mark. Antique Teapot Appraisal. My passion had become my way of life, and I am finally able to share a cup of the good stuff with the ones I love. NOTE- the more antique a teapot is, the higher its value and thus the higher the cost. Fifth, see water in the surface of yi xing teapot. Also, analyze the lid. For example, teapots made until the 1700s had a rounded shape. Teapots made from the 19th century to date have assumed a rounder shape. With Yixing wares it is often difficult to evaluate age by their There is a certain pride in owning a handmade teapot, especially if it is made by a famous artist. Related Article: How to Value Antique Teapots? The collecting value of such pots is mostly based on the artisan, that is a teapot made by a well known master craftsman or craftswoman has a higher collecting value, even if it is from the more recent decades. Master Zhou demonstrates how an Yixing teapot is made for a Global Tea Hut group. We do not have access to mark resources or other information pertaining to Yixing tea wares. The easiest method is the water boiling method. Yixing teapots and other Yixing wares are mentioned this Letters, symbols, or numbers on the bottom part of many teapots may have different meanings. The design and type of spout can also help you date antique teapot. Below are the yi xing teapots just from sillica sand on it. The porous nature of this clay is particularly suitable for teapots as the pot absorbs the flavor, smell, and color of the tea that is brewed in it. Proof that dreams really do come true when you can share your favorite brew. Chaozhou teapots are considered best for drinking Dan Cong Oolongs. Yixing Zisha Teapot has been commonly used and favored by tea lovers when brewing tea. Zisha teapots are very popular among collectors, but although a respected art form these fine ceramic pieces are not just for decoration. Maybe over the past few years, some people are not using teapots to brew and serve tea, but the original and best way of brewing tea is to use a teapot. clay used makes it difficult to recognize age or compare it to porcelain. The first basic teapot design was first created by porters during the Yuan Dynasty. They are mostly a way of businesses showcasing their brand. These marks were inscribed into the teapots by manufacturers to show the originality of their wares. The repeated use of such teapot makes it better every time. site due to many queries, but please understand that an Yixing teapots are not just teapots, they're exceptional works of Chinese art. However, this is not to mean that just because a teapot has straight sides, it is antique. If they have perfect, rounded holes, the teapot is most likely to be made in the 20th century. By the 1800s, teapots took straight sides. the same in age as one handed down from the Qing dynasty, depending on Traditional Yixing teapot clay particles usually range from 0.2 to 0.3 mm in size. You will find others with pictures, company logos, or animals. Authenticating teapots by the mark alone is inaccurate and unreliable. Even though molded teapots are not as valuable as handmade or half-handmade teapots, many are made with Yixing clay and are still superior for tea-making than glazed or porcelain teapots. As is the case with many products, the cost of a Yixing teapot will help you assess the quality of it. Another way of dating teapots is to look at features. Even experienced collectors of Chinese ceramics do not necessarily If you find initials of a pottery company that is no longer in business, you might need to search it online to know what the symbols meant and when the company existed. If you can tolerate a little wear and tear, antique teapots are the best bet. Keep in mind that you may not be able to estimate the exact time when an antique teapot was made, but at least several things can give you a clue. A company’s hallmark usually has the name and the country of origin as well as the date ware was made. Besides, there are books referencing potter manufacturers- you can find those that contain information about teapot manufacturers. You may find antique teapots bearing symbols of animals embossed on them or hand-painted initials. On such clay teapots the impressed seal mark of the artisan creating a When the teapot is put away, make sure there is a thin piece of soft tissue between the pot and the cover — the weakest area in a Yixing teapot is the rim of its cover. Tools for making Yixing Teapots. collectors. From 1810-1835, the teapots grew rounder and the sides widened. Fortunately, Besides the texture and color of the teapot, there are a number of signs or ‘imperfections’ that indicate the authenticity of an Yixing Teapot. 1 mallet for beating the clay lump into sheets of even thickness. Teapot collectors and tea merchants are As we mentioned earlier, you can estimate the age of a teapot based on its shape. Having a timber seal chop however does guarantee that it is made before the 1960s. If it is made of silver, does it have worn spots? Share the story Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest. The first consideration when buying a Yixing teapot is its use-is it to be a functional pot in which to brew tea, or is it purely decorative or to add to a collection. The round shape of the teapots we see today was popular between 1730 and 1760. To support, visit: https://www.gofundme.com/globalteahut The video shows wheel thrown pots being made, this is a completely different process from slipcasting. Yixing teapots are ceramics. Seasoning removes the mud smell and dust from the Yixing teapot before first use. The authentic yixing teapot after used a while, will emit a faint tea aroma. In the 18th century, teapots went through significant changes. With Yixing wares it is often difficult to evaluate age by their appearance alone; age signs are seldom obvious. Using numbers, symbols, or marks in a teapot, you can talk to collectors to find out what they mean and if they can link the numbers to certain periods. Even in this 21st century when tea preparation has shifted from using loose leaf tea to using teabags, the teapot has remained largely unchanged and ubiquitous. Other things that might help you know the period a teapot was designed; To date an antique teapot, you must assess its condition. Identification of teapot marks is outside the scope of this site. Always allow your yixing pot to dry completely between uses, and before replacing the lid and storing. specific pot is often applied on the bottom, quite unlike porcelain wares. the lid has damage to the inner edge, see photo and two of the overlaid flowers have damage which is also visible in the photo. A vintage teapot can look Top Pick > The Kitten Yixing Teapot . Again, the available names in any such list may represent only a limited Estimate: $1,500-2,500. Some pottery companies no longer exist despite them being in business for decades. Fake Teapot 1 This way of preparation made its way from Chaozhou during the Song... Catnip belongs to the mint family and is famous for its effects on felines. Experience tells. The steep price has tea drinkers questioning if it's really superior to other types of unglazed clay teapots. COPYRIGHT © 2020 TOPICTEA. In addition to marks and numbers, some pottery manufacturers used symbols as decoration. However, the more unusual and interesting the shape of the teapot is, the more antique it might be. Yixing teapots are smaller than their western counterparts as the tea is often brewed using the gongfu style of brewing: shorter steeping durations with smaller amounts of water and smaller teacups (compared to western-style brewing). Yixing teapots are seldom traded as antiques. On its inside, you should see discoloration because of steeping tea for many years. Yixing clay teapots, also called "Zisha", or Purple clay are made from Yixing clay.This traditional style of tea pot originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. number of the artisans producing them, and most will be from the 20th century. 3 turntable a turntable can be revolved freely to facilitate the shaping and potting of raw wares. If you have an interest in collecting or assembling antique teapots, possibly, you are looking for information on how to know a date/period when various pots were made. The inspiration for the design of Yixing teapots sprang initially from nature. A good quality Yixing teapot can run $50 – 150. Therefore, the best time to buy is now. Antique teapots made in early 1700 didn’t feature glazing under the lid and the inside of the teapot rim. boxed set of yixing teapot and cups and saucers in a box. A Yixing ginger root-form teapot and cover, ‘Tall Ginger’, Lu Wenxia (b. The bare, fired clay from which this type of pot is made absorbs the tannins in the tea and helps bring out the true flavour of the tea you brew. You can easily buy a glass or porcelain glazed pot for cheap.. 4) To tell the firing, one usually uses relative comparison amongst other pots in the same batch, although its been said that with adequate experience one can quickly tell. New Yixing teapots must be seasoned before use. How to Determine the Authenticity of Yixing Teapots - YouTube Superb Signed Vintage Chinese Yixing Teapot. Small cups means you have to sip your tea (savor it, taste it), instead of just drinking out of a mug. The round shape of the teapots we see today was popular between 1730 and … For more information on dating antique teapots, talk with antique collectors and look for books on deciphering marks and symbols in teapots. A real yixing should not have any mold marks (from a cast, not fungus – if you do find fungus, consider purchasing a different teapot) inside the teapot (seams and stems). There are four kinds of ‘imperfections’ which can be found on true Yixing Teapots : 1) Tiny white spots; 2) Tiny black spots; 3) Tiny holes on parts of the surface; 4) Tiny bumps on the surface. Look for books that list pottery marks or silver marks. identification of Yixing marks is not possible at this time. Yixing pots give the best flavor when used in gong-fu. Check the base of the pot. You may find out that they produced hundreds of different codes in different periods that can help you estimate the period an antique teapot was made. The city of Yixing isn’t just the average industrial town in China. If your teapot molds, reboil for 10-15 minutes and re-season. craftsmen and marks are incomplete or sketchy, to say the least. Although Chinese tea culture today seems to be centered largely on Yixing teapots, antique teapots prove that porcelain also had and has a role in China's tea culture. 4. 8⅜ in (21.3 cm) high. TeaVivre sells Yixing teapots, and they have a simple 5-minute video showing the proper way to season using the water boiling method. Therefore, know that teapots made a few decades ago might not cost as much as those made one century ago. Or they may have access to Also, there are online sites that sell antiques. 2.
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