The Mercury Disability Board website says: “In November 1985, Wabaseemoong Independent Nations (formerly Islington, formerly Whitedog) and Grassy Narrows First Nation negotiated an out of court settlement with the federal government, the province of Ontario, and two paper companies (Reed Incorporated and Great Lakes Forest Products Limited) for all claims due to mercury … This agreement was supported by passage of the federal Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act, in 1986, and the Ontario English and Wabigoon River Systems Mercury Contamination Settlement Agreement Act, 1986. Construction was scheduled to start in the fall, but by December that hadn’t happened and Turtle, along with other community members, were in Ottawa criticizing the government for taking so long. Ottawa’s funding offer for mercury care home in Grassy Narrows … Introduction: Mercury Poisoning in Grassy Narrows First Nation Mercury poisoning in Asupeeschoseewagong First Nation (Grassy Narrows), an Anishinaabe community in Northwestern Ontario, is an important example of environmental injustice. Marginal note:Exception to Canada Health Act. Grassy Narrows Position The position of Grassy Narrows was that the treaty was made with the Crown, thus it is the Crown that is obliged to act in accordance with the treaty. Grassy Narrows First Nation received a settlement in 1985 from the Government of Canada and the Reed Paper Company that bought-out the Dryden Pulp and Paper Company and its sister-company Dryden Chemical Company. Six monitoring wells were installed and four others were added later. It imposed a new economic order that undermined the traditional way of life for the people of Grassy Narrows. A clear cut section of forest is seen on Grassy Narrows First Nation territory near Dryden, Ont., in this 2006 handout image. An Act to approve, give effect to and declare valid certain agreements between the Government of Canada, the Government of Ontario, Reed Inc., Great Lakes Forest Products Ltd., the Islington Indian Band and the Grassy Narrows Indian Band. Agreement means the Memorandum of Agreement between Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of the Province of Ontario, Reed Inc., Great Lakes Forest Products Ltd., the Islington Indian Band and the Grassy Narrows Indian Band, signed by each party thereto in the month of November, 1985, tabled in the House of Commons by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on May 21, 1986 and recorded as document number 331-7/43, as amended by the Escrow Agreement; (Convention), Band means the Islington Indian Band or the Grassy Narrows Indian Band; (bande), Escrow Agreement means the Escrow Agreement between Great Lakes Forest Products Limited, Her Majesty the Queen in Right of the Province of Ontario, Reed Inc. and National Trust Company, the terms of which were approved of and consented to by the Grassy Narrows Indian Band and Islington Indian Band and by Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, dated as of the 16th day of December, 1985, tabled in the House of Commons by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development on May 21, 1986 and recorded as document number 331-7/43. READ MORE: Bowater, which eventually became Resolute, filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009. In 1998, Weyerhaeuser entered into an agreement with Bowater to buy some of the pulp-and-paper assets. There have also been reports of Wabauskang First Nation members being impacted, as well, since they are downstream at Quibell. Residents of Grassy Narrows First Nation, about 100 kilometres northeast of Kenora, Ont., have grappled with long-standing mental and physical health issues due to toxic mercury levels in the nearby English-Wabigoon River. In addition to harming people, the untreated mercury waste from chemical processing led to closure of a commercial fishery and hurt tourism in the region. Investigations. In 1971, the mill owners of the day built the disposal site to contain mercury-laced waste. Mercury concentrations in walleye (Sander vitreus), a fish embedded in their cultural identity, as well as their dietary mainstay, were among the highest every reported, and remain today the highest in the province of ON, Canada. (2) Subsection 89(1) of the Indian Act or any enactment of Parliament to the like effect shall not apply, (a) in respect of any real or personal property referred to in paragraph (1)(c); or. (2) No payment or service to which a Band or any member of a Band is entitled under any other Act of Parliament or under any program of the Government of Canada shall be reduced or diminished by reason of the payment or availability of benefits to the Band or any member of the Band pursuant to the Agreement. An Ontario judge ruled in favour of the companies in 2016, saying the language of the indemnity should cover the two subsequent owners. Title was therefore registered in Weyerhaeuser’s name until August 2000. Moreover, in June 2017, the Ontario government pledged $85 million to clean up the industrial mercury contamination. Residents of Grassy Narrows and Whitedog reserves will get almost $17 million in compensation for the killing of their waterway with mercury. Marginal note:Short title 1 This Act may be cited as the Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act. The indemnity was intended to cover only proceedings arising from the discharge, or continued presence, of mercury in the ecosystem, not those related to mercury in the waste-disposal site, the court said. Both Whitedog and Grassy Narrows are part of the 1986 settlement agreement, in connection with the dumping of mercury from the mill in Dryden. The 4 … The two companies claimed that an indemnity granted in 1985 to the owners of the paper facility at the time — part of a settlement with the Grassy Narrows and Islington First Nations — applied to them as well, but the province disagreed. The agreement dealt with the pollution between 1963 and 1970. (c) any real or personal property purchased by a Band or by a trust or corporation for the purpose of giving effect to section 2.5 of the Agreement. shall be deemed to be personal property that was given to the Band under an agreement between the Band and Her Majesty but subsections 90(2) and (3) of the Indian Act shall not apply with respect thereto. To act in good faith in relation to any aspect of … ], Full Document: Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act, Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act, French Constitutional Drafting Committee (1990), Statutes Repeal Act: Reports, Deferrals and Repeals, Miscellaneous Statute Law Amendment Program, Typographical and Grammatical Corrections, Table of Public Statutes and Responsible Ministers, Consolidated Index of Statutory Instruments. 3 (1) The Agreement is hereby approved, given effect and declared valid. Grassy Narrows lies about 120 miles east of Winnipeg, with an approximate population of 1490 people (Aboriginal Affairs and Northern … This agreement was supported by passage of the federal Grassy Narrows and Islington Indian Bands Mercury Pollution Claims Settlement Act, in 1986, and the Ontario English and Wabigoon River Systems Mercury Contamination Settlement Agreement Act, 1986. 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