Much of the push for this work came from geneticist RB Kelley, who went to the United States to select suitable breeding stock. Their docile nature and good performance have been recognized by Pacific Islands and the Philippines where improvement in livestock population is … In the early 1930s, the CSIR Division of Animal Health, under its first Chief, John Gilruth, decided to investigate the potential of zebu cattle for northern Australia. Rendel had trained with the famous English geneticist JBS Haldane and was recruited in 1951 by the Chairman of CSIRO, Sir Ian Clunies Ross. They are heat-tolerant, and while tick resistance is lower than that of the pure Bos indicus, it is still adequate. 1. The cattle have good weight gain and good fertility. Ayrshire Brown Swiss Busa Belmont Reds are also even-tempered creatures, unlike Brahmans which need constant handling to remain tractable. The Red Poll Cattle Society was formed in 1888. Henry Greig Turner led the cattle-breeding work at Rockhampton after Jim Rendel. The Shorthorn/Hereford turned out to be better in some respects than either of its parent breeds and was adopted as the British breed standard for comparing zebu-cross lines. The Belmont Red is very well suited for any Australian breeding program. Between 1950 and 1954 a further 15 bulls and 16 cows of the American Brahman breed and fairly large numbers of Santa Gertrudis were imported. One of the oldest French breeds of cattle, the Charolais, was developed in the Charolles district in central France from native cattle bred with some Shorthorn infusion. They have no horns and are naturally polled. Droughtmaster is good meat quality and parasite resistance. I could run this property practically single-handed with Belmont Reds. The breed has been developed to improve the fertility of Bos indicus breeds while retaining the characteristics of heat and tick tolerance. Hereford’s are so popular because they are fast growers, docile, and produced good quality beef. On the other hand, the humped cattle of Asia and Africa, known collectively as zebus, are well adapted to tropical conditions. Some authorities date the domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and others almost half that amount of time. The Belmont Red won admirers in many and varied ways. The performance of all bulls registered by the Belmont Red Association is recorded and this information is available. First cross animals were produced from 1954 to 1960 with numbers gradually building up. These cattle should be a beautiful cherry red and not have any black hairs any where on the body. Characteristics controlled by a single pair of genes include such traits as coat colour in Shorthorn cattle, and polledness. Recognised breeds are pre-packed parcels of genes with a trademark. It is the largest breeder of pure bred registered breedplan recorded Belmont Red cattle in Australia. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. It had many remarkable characteristics which suit it to the harsh environment of northern Australia and which ensured its acceptance by the industry. They were developed by the CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) during 1954 in response to the need in the Australian Tropics for cattle which would improve the fertility of Bos indicus cattle. A station manager at Walloon has given them their most glowing character reference. In 1972 the first CSIRO-bred Belmont Red bulls were released for cooperative evaluation to a cattleman with a property near Rockhampton. Belmont Red crossbred sires reared in the contemporary groups to give a total 5601 pedigreed progeny of 96 Bonsmara sires, 18 Belmont Red sires and 20 Bonsmara ×Belmont Red cross sires recorded over The two main British breeds of cattle in northern Australia, the Shorthorn and the Hereford, and mixtures of the two, breed well under favourable conditions, but they are susceptible to stresses imposed by high temperatures, tick infestation and internal worm parasites. 15 Belmont Red steerers with an initial body weight of 310 ± 10 kg were used in this study. In growth rate, too, it was comparable, but its fertility left a lot to be desired and it had a less placid temperament. You can also select/change the breed you are viewing using the drop-down list in the header above. Since they are so wide spread throughout the world they are also easy to find making Hereford a great choice for a new beef cattle raiser. He herded the bulls into a remote paddock, away from visitors’ sight, and for the next nine months he constantly reminded the manager of the ‘Belmont’ station of their poor appearance. Belmont Reds are much more docile than the Brahman-derived breeds and under extensive management are easy to handle. The cattleman loaded them on his truck and drove straight home embarrassed to be associated with such scrawny animals. In contrast, when Belmont Reds were introduced their hours-old calves got to their feet and safely followed their mothers to water. The Belmont Red was bred by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization’s (CSIRO) Division of Animal Genetics near Rockhampton in Queensland, Australia. Comparisons were based on reproduction, growth, carcase and meat characteristics, environmental adaptation and survival. Cattle Agistment available in prime cattle country in Upper Hunter Premium country available for Agistment for up to 300 head of cattle . They were scrawny and poorly grown. Remains of domesticated cattle dating to 6,500 B.C. It has a smooth short haired coat which is predominantly red in colour, they may have some white occasinally. Pedigree Dairy Breeds Select the Dairy Cattle Breed you would like to know about from the list below. It has a fine edge over the Belmont Red in heat tolerance and tick resistance, while its resistance to intestinal worms is superior. But we didn’t have any interest at all in a trademark. As a Bos Taurus, the crossbreed’s high levels of tick and parasite resistance, high fertility and meat quality are an ideal combination with the animal’s adaptation to the harsh conditions of northern Australia. 8. It culminated with the development of the Belmont Red breed by Jim Rendel and Greig Turner from the Division of Animal Genetics at the National Cattle Breeding Station, ‘Belmont’, north of Rockhampton. Gang way connected with cattle crush, individual scale digital cattle brand True Test, a … The color is primarily red in color. In the production and mating of these generations a policy of no selection was practised quite deliberately. His role was to set up a CSIRO group at the University of Sydney to teach animal genetics in both the Science and Veterinary Science Faculties and to develop and supervise a program of research into animal breeding methods encompassing the domestic fowl, sheep, dairy and beef cattle. Well fenced, river and dam water, full time live on farm management, long term or short term availability. animal-science-mail-form Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. On a big Gulf of Carpentaria property cows of British stock were dropping their offspring in open paddocks at night and then walking to tree-lined water at sun-up, leaving their shaky calves to die in the heat. We are committed to child safety and to the implementation of Child Safe principles and procedures. Had red been the chosen colour, there would never have been any trouble with the appearance of blacks as off-colour individuals, since red-to-red breeds true." The colour of the breed was by then established as red, preferably deep red, with white touches only on the tail switch and udder. [Source: McKay A, 1976, ‘Cattle for the tropics’, In: Belmont Red bull drawing by Robert Ingpen. Cattle breeding was Rendel’s passion and he was interested in how genes worked in the animal. Shorthor n) breeds, Bonsmara and Belmont Red cattle w ere dev eloped in separate countries and are 2 of onl y a fe w tropically adapted Bos taurus breeds in … They were developed by the CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) during 1954 in response to the need in the Then the bulls’ first calves were born. The cattle also became well established in the Nièvre Province of France, where they were improved and became widely known as Nivernais cattle. Although the genetics of Brangus are stabilized, the International Brangus Please mail your original copies with our email form ‘Belmont’, a 3 600-hectare property on the Fitzroy River, had been bought by the Australian Meat Board in 1952 to provide facilities for studying the breeding of beef cattle adapted to the northern Australian environment. It produces around 15-20 liters per day and butterfat content in the milk is 5%. Belmont Red is a breed of beef cattle developed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) during 1954 in response to the need in the Australian Tropics for cattle which would improve the fertility of Bos indicus cattle. About Belmont Red Cattle Belmont Red are Australian cattle raised mainly for meat production. In 1954 there was an obvious need in the Australian Tropics for a breed of cattle which would have a more placid temperament, be highly fertile, and utilise the environment and its pastures in the most efficient manner to give high weight gains The Belmont Red was therefore conceived at Belmont Research Station as a composite breed using Africander (African Sanga) and Hereford-Shorthorn … The breeding program at Belmont drawing by Robert Ingpen. For these reasons, British breeds do not generally grow as well in t… Belmont Red Belmont Red are Australian cattle raised mainly for meat production. The Belmont Red can be regarded as approximately one-half Afrikaner, one-quarter Shorthorn and one-quarter Hereford. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. By 1968 the first fruits of selection among the third generation began to emerge. The Belmont Red was developed by crossing Afrikaner cattle, imported from America, with Herefords and Shorthorns in a research program that extended over the 1950s and 1960s. Both are examples of capable scientists who did not consider that good work had to be done in a metropolitan centre; without their kind, the cattle industry in northern Australia could not have become the success it is today, nor could there have been continuity in the more basic work on mechanisms of heat tolerance, tick resistance and other important traits. We ignored these things completely. We were able to concentrate all our selection on fertility, growth rate, and resistance to ticks and heat. College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. It was only in the third generation, when the parental characters had been well stirred to provide a richly stocked genetic pool in which to fish, that selection began. Strydom, R.T. Naudé, M.F. The first small matings of selected animals were therefore not made until 1966, with all the emphasis being placed on performance, not looks. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. With its … By 1943 when he wrote his final report, he had convincing evidence that zebus could be of great value to Australia’s beef industry. These animals were scattered on five commercial properties throughout northern Queensland with the cooperation of State authorities and cattlemen. Seifert Belmont Reds is a commercially focused beef cattle breeding and seedstock bull producer. He selected 18 American Brahmans (9 bulls and 9 cows) and one Santa Gertrudis bull for importation. The bulls, which were two years old, had been deliberately subjected to tough conditions since birth. We even exposed them to cattle ticks and grazed them on low --> [Source: McKay A, 1976, ‘Cattle for the tropics’, In: Knighthoods and the Companions of the Order of Australia, Biographical memoirs: James Meadows Rendel 1915-2001 (Australian Academy of Science), Trialling ocean temperature forecasts for fish farms, Last call for volunteers to save on power bills. Characteristics The Belmont Red is phenotypically (and genetically) a mix of Bos indicus and Bos taurus . For these reasons, British breeds do not generally grow as well in the tropics as they do in the temperate climates to which they are adapted. They can also be raised on a diet contains crop residues, grain, soy, and other plant supplements. Belmont Reds have adaptation traits equal to the Bos Indicus breeds, with the added advantage of very high fertility including early sexual maturity in both males and females with females able to reconceive at low weights and whilst lactating, in conjunction with the Belmont Reds superior carcass qualities and renowned docile temperament. Cattle Characteristics and Reproduction Cattle are very social animals, that get their food by grazing in pastures and grasslands. Encompassing 25 000 acres it is an aggregation of six properties. They also lose weight on pastures when the protein content of the feed falls below five per cent. [1] Cattle breeds fall into two main types, which are regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species.

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